Search Results for: walk in the woods

An aerial view of Harpers Ferry, WV. Two rivers converge with a town in the background.

Walk in the Woods: C&O Canal at Harpers Ferry, WV

Join the Appalachian Mountain Club (AMC) and the Interstate Commission on the Potomac River Basin (ICPRB), as we explore the confluence of the Potomac and Shenandoah rivers to discuss the trials, tribulations, and successes of the rivers as vital sources of water for the region.

An aerial view of Harpers Ferry, WV. Two rivers converge with a town in the background.

Photo Credit: Scott Kaiser

The event is free but please signup via the Meetup page.

This event is produced in partnership with AMC and is part of ICPRB’s 2019 Walk in the Woods series of hikes throughout the Potomac watershed.

Expect to walk 3 miles on flat, easy terrain at a leisurely pace. Please bring a bottle of water, snacks and a bug-repellent of your choice. Dress in layers as the weather may start chilly but warm up as we walk. The walk will happen in light rain but will be cancelled in the event of more severe weather.

We will meet in the Harpers Ferry train station parking lot at 10am, setting out at 10:15am. We will cross the river using the pedestrian bridge to the C&O Canal.

Harpers Ferry Amtrak train station at Potomac St &, Shenandoah St, Harpers Ferry, WV 25425

A path surrounded by trees. A building can be seen at the end of the path.

Walk in the Woods: Occoquan Regional Park

ICPRB’s Walk in the Woods Hike Series, Sunday, September 15, 2019, 10:00 am.

A path surrounded by trees. A building can be seen at the end of the path.

Photo courtesy of NOVA Parks

The Occoquan Regional Park sits at the intersection of hiking and history, where water resources meet water demand. Join ICPRB’s Executive Director, Mike Nardolilli, as we explore the interplay of water demand, politics, zoning, water quality, and the challenges they present. The hike was developed in partnership with the Northern Virginia Regional Park Authority.

Expect to walk a little over 3 miles on flat, easy terrain. Please bring a bottle of water, snacks and a bug-repellent of your choice. The walk will be cancelled in the event of anything stronger than light rain.

We will meet at the Brickmaker’s Cafe (9751 Ox Rd, Lorton, VA) at 10:00am. Expect the hike to take around 2 hours. Feel free to stay after the hike and enjoy lunch at the Brickmaker’s Cafe.

This event is free but please RSVP via the Facebook event page or email Renee Bourassa at so that we can provide an update in the case of inclement weather.

This  event is part of ICPRB’s 2019 Walk in the Woods series of hikes throughout the Potomac watershed.

Each participant will be required to complete the following form (copies will be available at the beginning of the hike):


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About the Basin: Monocacy Aqueduct

The Monocacy Aqueduct on the right. Trees on the left. Green grass in the foreground. The Monocacy Aqueduct has a storied past. In its long history, it was used as an important transportation route for goods, goods, animals, and arsenals. Placed at the mouth of the Monocacy River, it was a vital passageway during times of peace and war. Thanks to a recent stabilization and reconstruction effort by the National Park Service, you can still see the structure as it was originally constructed almost two centuries ago.

The aqueduct spans 560 feet across the Monocacy River, connecting the 184.5 miles of the C&O Canal towpath from Cumberland, MD to Washington, D.C. The trail on the canal is flat and easy, making it especially nice for families with bikes, strollers, and bike trailers.

A boat ramp at the Monocacy side of the aqueduct is the final exit point for boaters on the Monocacy Scenic Water Trail and a popular entrance point for anglers.

There is ample parking and a restroom available should you need it.

Learn more about the history of the largest aqueduct on the C&O Canal on Saturday, July 27. Jim Cummins, retired ICPRB Aquatic Biologist, will lead a hike along the towpath as part of ICPRB’s Walk in the Woods series. We will learn more about the fascinating social and environmental history of this area. Find more information on ICPRB’s Events page.

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About the Basin: Frederick Municipal Forest

When is a forest more than a forest? When it is managed specifically as the source of drinking water for an entire city. Hence, Frederick Municipal Forest is more than a forest. It provides clean, fresh drinking water for the 70,000 people who live downstream. Do you need more of a reason to love it? The well-maintained labyrinth of trails is a locally known secret to many hiking and mountain biking enthusiasts.

“The Frederick Watershed is a gem, a forest that protects the water supply and critical habitat for 22 threatened and endangered species, while providing a backcountry experience just outside the city,” says Jenny Willoughby, Sustainability Manager for the City of Frederick.

A wooden sign in front of a forest. The sign reads: You are now entering the municipal forest of the City of Frederick.Located along the ridge of Catoctin Mountain in western Maryland, the forest is accessible off Gambrill Park Road. It is also a short drive from the charming town of Frederick, Maryland. Although camping is not allowed in the Frederick Municipal Forest, Gambrill State Park is just down the road and provides a variety camping options.

Join the Interstate Commission on the Potomac River Basin and the City of Frederick for a guided hike through the Frederick Municipal Forest on Saturday, June 8th.  The hike is part of ICPRB’s Walk in the Woods Series and the City of Frederick’s Sustainability Committee’s Green Lecture Series. Find more information on our website.

Hike along the Monocacy Aqueduct (Dickerson, MD)

ICPRB’s Walk in the Woods Hike Series, July 27, 2019, 10:00am

Join us on a hike to discuss the flora, fauna, and natural and social history of the Potomac River basin at the Monocacy Aqueduct. Jim Cummins, retired ICPRB biologist, will guide us through the storied past of the longest and largest aqueduct along the C&O Canal.. He will introduce us to the concepts of watershed management, water resources, and drinking water source protection in a natural, fun environment. Jim is full of great stories and interesting history. You won’t want to miss this Walk in the Woods!

Expect to walk about 3 miles on flat, easy terrain. Please bring a bottle of water, snacks and a bug-repellent of your choice. The walk will happen in light rain but will be cancelled in the event of anything stronger.

We will meet at the parking lot at 21115 Mouth of Monocacy Rd, Dickerson, MD 20842 at 10:00am.

This event is free but please RSVP via the Facebook event page or email Renee Bourassa at

This  event is part of ICPRB’s 2019 Walk in the Woods series of hikes throughout the Potomac watershed.

Each participant will be required to complete the following form (copies will be available at the beginning of the hike):

A large rock with a plaque that says, "Monocacy Aqueduct: Preserved for Future Generations. Rededicated May 2005."


A group of people walking in the woods.

Hike in Frederick City Watershed

Frederick City Watershed Hike

ICPRB’s Walk in the Woods Series, June 8, 2019, 10:00am

The flora, fauna, and natural history of the Potomac River basin will be discussed on this light hike through the Frederick  Municipal Forest. The concepts of watershed management, water resources, and drinking water source protection will be explored in a natural, fun environment.

Our guide is arborist and tree-devotee, Jenny Willoughby. Jen is a knowledgeable and engaging teacher with extensive knowledge of the region.

Expect to walk about 3 miles on moderate terrain. Please bring your own water bottle, snacks, and bug spray (if needed).

This event is free but please RSVP via the Facebook event page or email Renee Bourassa at

This hike is part of ICPRB’s Walk in the Woods Series and the City of Frederick’s Sustainability Committee’s Green Lecture Series.

We will be meeting at the Hamburg Blue Lot (directions are below) at 10:00am. Please pay careful attention to the directions because cell service is spotty and it can be easy to get lost.

Each participant will be required to complete the following form (copies will be available at the beginning of the hike):


Address for Google Maps: 10420 Hamburg Road, Frederick, Md.

From points south and east:
Follow Route 40 to Gambrill Park Road
Right onto Gambrill Park Road
At the t-intersection, turn right to stay on Gambrill Park Road (left takes you to the Gambrill State Park Tea Room)
Follow Gambrill Park Road through the state park for several miles to Hamburg Road
Turn right onto Hamburg Road
Parking area will be ¼ to ½ mile on the right side—if parking area is full, park on side of road

From Route 15:
Take the Rosemont Avenue exit and head north/west
Rosemont Ave becomes Yellow Springs Road—continue on Yellow Springs
Yellow Springs Road becomes Hamburg Road—continue on Hamburg
Follow Hamburg up the mountain, pass Hamburg Pond on the left
Parking area will be on the left less than ¼ mile from the pond—if parking area is full, park on side of road

From points north:
Take Route 15 to Route 77 heading toward Cunningham Falls State Park
Follow 77 to Catoctin Hollow Road
Turn left onto Catoctin Hollow Road
Turn right onto Mink Farm Road
Mink Farm Road will turn right—stay STRAIGHT onto Tower Road
Follow Tower Road to a Y-junction with Gambrill Park Road, continue straight onto Gambrill Park Road
Follow Gambrill Park Road south to Hamburg Road
Turn left onto Hamburg Road
Parking area will be ¼ to ½ mile on the right side—if parking area is full, park on side of road

Picture taken in the Potomac River from the seat of a kayak showing additional kayakers in the front

Upcoming Events in the Potomac Watershed

If you are looking for things to do, whether it is in the water, on the land, or in a building with an HVAC system, there is always fun events in the Potomac River basin! Below is a wide variety of activities, including volunteer opportunities, fun activities for the kids, water recreation, and more!*

Calendar of Events


Fish Tales Story Hour (2-5 years old)
April 6,  DOEE, Washington, D.C.

Bicycle Tour de Trees
April 8, Green Initiative Team, Frederick, Md.

Potomac River Waterfowling Exhibition opens
April 8, Chesapeake Bay Maritime Museum, St. Michaels, Md. 

29th Annual Potomac Watershed Cleanup
April 8, throughout the watershed

Potomac Watershed Cleanup at Fletcher’s Cove and Jones Point Park
April 8, Potomac Conservancy, Washington, D.C.

3rd Annual Anacostia River Festival
April 9, National Park Service, Anacostia Park, Washington, D.C.

“Go Jump in a Creek…” A Family Friendly Nature Walk and Stream Monitoring
April 9, Loudoun Wildlife, Taylorstown, Va.

Community Tree Planting
April 15, Streamlink Education, Waterside Community, Frederick, Md.

Spring Migrants Walk
April 15,  Audubon Society of Central Maryland, Mt. Airy, Md.

Build your own Rainbarrel 
April 15, Fairfax Co. Govt., Fairfax, Va. 

Point of Rocks/Brunswick to Harpers Ferry and Back
April 15, Sierra Club, McLean, Va.

Rainbarrel sale 
April 21-22, Fairfax Co. Govt., Annandale, Va. 

Earth Day Clean Up
April 22,  Anacostia Watershed Society, throughout the Anacostia River watershed

Growing Native Tree Planting: White’s Ford Regional Park
April 22, Potomac Conservancy, Leesburg, Va.

Community Tree Planting
April 22, Streamlink Education, Waterside Community, Frederick, Md.

Volunteer Tree Planting
April 22, Fairfax County’s Urban Forestry Management Division, Fairfax, Va.

April 29, Fairfax Co. Govt., Chantilly, Va. 

Community Tree Planting
April 29, Streamlink Education, Waterside Community, Frederick, Md.

Volunteer Tree Planting
April 22, Fairfax County’s Urban Forestry Management Division, Chantilly, Va.

Middletown Green Expo
April 29, Middletown, Md.


Canoe Trip
May 4, Anacostia Watershed Society, Kenilworth Park, Washington, D.C. 

Potomac River Expedition
May 5-7, Upstream Alliance, Upper Potomac

Build your own Rainbarrel 
May 6, Fairfax Co. Govt., Alexandria, Va. 

Montgomery County Greenfest
May 6, Montgomery County Govt, Gaithersburg, Md. 

River Center Opening Day
May 6, Cabin John, Md. 

Take me to the River 2017, Night on the Potomac
May 11, Potomac Conservancy, Washington, D.C. 

Fish Tales Story Hour (2-5 years old)
May 11,  DOEE, Washington, D.C.

Occoquan River Festival
May 13, Northern Virginia Regional Park Authority, Lorton, Va. 

Boonsboro Green Fest
May 13, Boonsboro, Md.

Build your own Rainbarrel 
May 20, Fairfax Co. Govt., Reston, Va. 

Family and Youth Casting Call 
May 20, DOEE, Washington, D.C. 

Green Neighbor Festival
May 20-21, Frederick, Md. 

Maryland Biological Stream Survey – Summer Training
May 30-June 2, Md. Department of Natural Resources, Frederick, Md. 


Walk in the Woods, Potomac Edition: Point of Rocks
June 3, ICPRB, Point of Rocks, Md. 

66th Annual Potomac River Festival
June 9, Colonial Beach, Va. 

Build your own Rainbarrel 
June 10, Fairfax Co. Govt., Arlington, Va. 

Sustainable Garden Tour
June 12, Fairfax Co. Govt., Herndon, Va. 

Canoe Trip
June 22, Anacostia Watershed Society, Anacostia Community Boathouse, Washington, D.C. 

Walk in the Woods, Potomac Edition: Frederick City Watershed
June 24, ICPRB, Frederick, Md. 


Build your own Rainbarrel 
July 29, Fairfax Co. Govt., Mount Vernon, Va. 




Festival del Rio Anacostia
May 14, Bladensburg Park, Bladensburg, Md. 

Like us on Facebook, follow us on Twitter, and sign up for our newsletter to get up-to-date news and information on the Potomac River basin!

*The events listed above may or may not be affiliated with ICPRB. Please contact the hosts for more information on each event.

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About the Basin: Occoquan Regional Park

The Occoquan Regional Park in Lorton, Virginia, provides a steady dose of history, waterfront views, and a relaxed pace.

A path surrounded by trees. A building can be seen at the end of the path.

Photo courtesy of NOVA Parks

Before it was a public park, the Occoquan Regional Park was home to a plethora of brickmaking kilns run by prisoners housed at the nearby Lorton Work House Prison. The ovens were known as beehive kilns for their rounded form, a shape that has been used since the Middle Ages. The bricks from this area were used to build public buildings in Washington, D.C. and throughout northern Virginia. Visitors can explore the last remaining beehive kiln at the park.

The park has baseball fields and a boat launch (for carried craft only) and beautiful views of the Potomac River. The highlight of this park is the recently renovated trail. The paved, easy trail was expanded to a 5k-length in 2018. This park is ideal for families with strollers or kids learning to ride a bike.

Just downstream of the Occoquan Reserve, the river is an important source of drinking water for the region. The Occoquan Regional Park sits at the intersection of hiking and history, where water resources meet water demand.

Want to learn more? Join ICPRB’s Executive Director, Mike Nardolilli, as we explore the interplay of water demand, politics, zoning, water quality, and the challenges they present during an easy 3-mile walk. We will learn about the triumphs and challenges of relying on Occoquan Reservoir as a source of drinking of water for the region. The hike is free and open to the public. We will meet at the Brickmaker’s Café (9751 Ox Rd, Lorton, VA) at 10:00 am on Sunday, September 15. Learn more on ICPRB’s website.

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McKee-Beshers Wildlife Management Area is at Full Bloom

Family taking photos among a field of sunflowers.

You might think field upon field of bright yellow sunflowers are found only in provincial Italy or France, places known for romance and beauty. But there are 2,000 acres right in our backyard that will make you feel transported to a more romantic time and place. Known as the McKee-Beshers Wildlife Management Area (WMA), staff at this park plant acres of sunflowers to attract and feed pollinators and birds. For a couple weeks each year (around the end of July) the WMA is alight with seemingly endless summery flowers.

Just like birds, people flock to the area for family photos, nature photography, and to enjoy the sites. Catch the flowers at full bloom this year for the two weeks following July 24. Meandering trails throughout the fields let you explore without damaging the flowers. However, look but don’t pick; plucking one of these beauties is prohibited at the WMA.

Flowers at McKee-Bashers Wildlife Management AreaWhen sunflowers aren’t the main attraction, there are plenty of trails to hike or bike in the area. Since they are connected to the C&O Canal trail system, the WMA trails makes for a nice side trip or starting point on the Canal. Hunting  waterfowl, deer, wild turkey and other animals is allowed (within the usual hunting regulations). There is even a specially managed dove field open to the public for hunting. Birding and wildlife photography are popular activities at the WMA due to the abundance of wildlife, including 200 species of songbirds found in the area. The more adventurous can take a boat across the Potomac to reach Maddux Island, which is part of the WMA.

A beautiful trail follows some of the perennial marshy flatlands where waterlilies and other aquatic plants abound. Parts of the WMA are managed as a greentree reservoir, a term used for bottomland hardwood forest that is flooded in the fall and winter. This attracts colorful migrating waterfowl, such as wood ducks.

The park, in western Montgomery County, Maryland, is conveniently located right off River Road. It is not difficult to find, just plug “McKee Banshee Management Area” into your GPS and look for the parking lots full of cars and people in incongruously fancy dress for a hike. After all, this is a popular place to take family photos. This map shows parking areas and the location of sunflower fields. There are several ways to access the fields, but most involve a short walk through the woods that is often muddy, so make sure to wear appropriate footwear.

Photo Credit: Hunter Herrman


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Summer Invasive Species Removal

What are Non-Native Invasive Plants?

Non-native invasive (NNI) plants are exotic species that are also ecological pioneers and colonizers.  They are plants that, once introduced, can quickly establish themselves in ecologically disturbed communities.  Non-native invasive species typically displace native flora because they have faster growth rates, efficient dispersal mechanisms, and tolerance of a wider range of conditions.  Because they are not normally found in the region where they have been introduced, non-native invasive plants often lack natural predators and diseases that control their populations in their native environments.

Two women pulling weeds in the forest.It is important to emphasize that not all non-native species are invasive and that not all invasive species are exotic.  Many of the plants found in nurseries are not native to our county, and neither are many of the crops that we grow.  Does that mean that they are bad?  Not necessarily.  Many non-native plants lack the characteristics to spread rapidly in a new environment and never become a problem.  On the other hand, some native species become invasive when their environment is disturbed in a way that favors them over other species.

Why Should I Organize a NNI Removal Event?

Invasive plants have become recognized in recent years as a major threat to the integrity of natural areas.  These species have the ability to invade natural systems and proliferate, often dominating a community to the detriment and sometimes the exclusion of native species.  Invasive species can alter natural ecological processes by reducing the interactions of many species to the interactions of only a few species.  Introduced species may compete directly with native species for nutrients, sunlight, and space, and indirectly by altering the food web or physical environment.  Invasive species may also prey on or hybridize with natives.  Native species with limited population size or ecological range are particularly susceptible to displacement by aggressive exotic or translocated species. Man cutting down invasive plants in the forest.

According to a 1996 report by the Nature Conservancy, invasive species have contributed to the 42 percent population decline of threatened and endangered species in the U.S.  Many also pose threats to agricultural areas, urban parks, yards, and roadsides.  While only a small percentage of the 4,000 estimated exotic plant species in the U.S. cause problems, just 79 non-native plant and animal species have already cost the U.S. economy $79 billion.  Non-native species threaten two-thirds of endangered species worldwide, and are considered by some to be second most important threat to biodiversity after habitat destruction.

Anywhere human disturbance of the environment has occurred, there is the potential for NNI species to colonize and disrupt the natural environment.  Some common sights include:

  • Vine species like English ivy and kudzu shading out and pulling down trees that had stabilized steep slopes, creating an erosion problem;
  • Wetland species like purple loosestrife escaping cultivated gardens, establishing along river and stream banks and driving out native and sometimes threatened or endangered species; and
  • Trees, such as tree of heaven, growing several feet a year and out competing native species through a toxin that it excretes, killing other plants around it.

Developing Your Goals and Budget

Non-native invasive plant removal is not expensive to perform; unfortunately, it is a huge undertaking in most areas.  It is important for this work to set realistic goals based on the number of volunteers you have and the scope of the non-native invasive species problem in your watershed.


You may be attempting to remove NNI species from a local park, or from your member’s gardens, or you may be targeting a stream valley where purple loosestrife is running rampant, or attempting to save a group of 200-year-old trees threatened by ivy.  Whatever the case, you will want to write out your specific goals and let them guide your work plan.

Some example goals:

  • Increase awareness in your watershed of the problems associated with non-native invasive species;
  • Help citizens see firsthand the impact their efforts can have to improve habitat in your local watershed,
  • Encourage and empower citizens to participate in other activities aimed at improving water quality in their watershed.



The cost associated with putting on an invasive species removal event can be as low as the cost of your time.  Removing invasive species can provide excellent publicity for your organization and others who helped you put it together.  If approached, businesses are often willing to cover the costs of many of your necessary items.

Some example costs include:

  • Flyers – As little as $0.03 a copy (black and white).  The cost can vary depending on how many you create and if you decide to use color.
  • Trash bags – Four dollars for a box of twenty. It is generally recommended that the plants go in plastic bags to the waste facility, not to a composting facility, as that con further the spread of the species.
  • Tipping fees – Depending on the amount of materials collected, these costs can be considerable ($400.00 or more) however they are generally waived for cleanup events.
  • Food and drinks – Again it depends on the number of participants and how extravagant you want to be.  Often water, donuts, coffee, and juice will suffice.
  • Tools, gloves, and safety vests – You can ask participants to bring their own gloves and tools.  Safety vests cost about $10.00 a piece.
  • First aid kits – A good kit runs approximately $20.00.


Because it does not cost a lot of money to put together an event of this type, you may not require any help in financing your work.  If you are interested in getting some help to accomplish your goals, there are a lot of places to look for it.

  • Your local dump – the most expensive part of any invasive species removal are the tipping and hauling fees.  Request to have the tipping fees waived for the vehicles carrying the invasive plants you collected.
  • Trash collection services – you may be able to get a local trash collection service to donate their services in picking up and hauling the plants you have removed.  You can also ask the property owner if s/he will arrange for the pickup and hauling away of the invasives you collected—after all, you just helped improve their property!
  • Your local government – may be able to lend you tools and gloves or may help haul away your work.
  • Local business people, club leaders, and government officials. Ask them to give what they can: cash, equipment, supplies, or services.  Trash bags and gloves are a must and can often be obtained as “in-kind” donations from grocery or supply companies.  Food and drinks for the workers are essential and can usually be obtained through donations.  Restaurants and local grocery stores might give you refreshments.  Don’t forget first aid supplies – this activity, while not dangerous, can cause cuts and bruises!

Timeline for a Non-Native Invasive Species Removal Event

The act of removing invasives is relatively straightforward, however there is a lot of additional work that must take place before and after the event takes place.

At least two months in advance

  • Determine appropriate location(s)
  • Get permission in writing from local government or landowner

One month to one week in advance

  • Advertise the invasives removal event through as many outlets as possible

Several days before event

  • Deliver flyers in the neighborhood announcing the project
  • Purchase needed suppliesTwo volunteers holding up invasive plants that they have removed from the forest.
  • Create and print instruction sheets for volunteers and informational door hangers for neighborhoods where invasive plants will be removed

Day before or day of the event

  • Deliver materials and tools to the work sites

Post event

  • Maintain the area where the plants were removed. Consider assigning a team of volunteers to “maintain” the pulled area.  It often takes 3-5 years to deplete a seed bank in order to discourage the return of non-native invasive species.

Organizing a Non-Native Invasive Species Removal Event

Establish an organizing committee: a core group of individuals dedicated to organizing and implementing the invasive species removal event.

  1. First determine location of invasive species removal and project date (remember to choose a rain date).
  2. Next the committee should conduct a site visit, arrange for plant disposal, recruit volunteers, gather materials and supplies, contact property owners, and solicit project support.

Site Selection

Determine the invasive removal project site or sites.  Where you remove these pests is just as important as why you are doing it. Volunteer participation is critical to a successful event, but site selection is almost as important. Here are a few questions to guide you:

  • Where are the areas where the pest specie grows out of control?
  • Is the area big enough to host all of your volunteers?
  • Is permission required to work on the land? (Landowners and parks have policies and regulations.  Many parks require that leaders be trained in plant identification before an invasive removal event is held on their property.  Please respect these policies.)
  • After you remove the plants, how will you dispose of them?

The goal is to increase native plant habitat and create healthy forests and watersheds — not to interfere with balanced ecosystems.  You may consider focusing on areas of special need: communities working for environmental justice, high impact areas, land with ecological diversity, historic farmland, agricultural communities, or preserves.


A member of the organizing committee should walk the area 8 to 10 weeks before the event.  A scouting survey of the removal area will give a better idea about the amount and types invasive plants volunteers to be removed.  A survey will also allow the committee to approximate how many volunteers will be needed for the removal event.

A member of the organizing committee should also walk the area two weeks prior to the project date.  During this walk, the committee member should create a series of maps that will help crews locate work areas.  The surveyor should also note whether invasives can be hauled out on foot and if any special equipment may be necessary.

When scouting your watershed for an invasives removal site, consider the following factors:

  • Is the site safe?
  • Is the site accessible to volunteers (easy to enter and exit)?
  • What was the site used for in the past?
  • Is the site too large for a single removal day or will several events be required?
  • Are there any sensitive areas that should be treated with care?
  • Are there hazardous substances present that make a stream unsuitable for an invasive species removal by volunteers?

Project Date

Select the project date and time of the event. Determine the date 8 to 10 weeks before the event.  Typically, Saturday mornings or Sunday afternoons are the best time to schedule an event like this.  Be careful to avoid a holiday weekend or a weekend when the switch is made to and from Daylight Savings Time.  The organizing committee should also allow adequate time for project planning and volunteer recruitment.  If equipment will be borrowed, the organizing committee should make these arrangements first, and select a day when the equipment is available.  Remember to establish a rain date!

An invasive species removal event typically lasts about four hours.  The organizing committee should also plan an additional half-hour before the event for setup and a half-hour afterwards for cleanup.  Additional time may be required after the event, if a picnic or barbecue is planned.

Central Meeting Place

Locate and reserve a central meeting place.  A parking lot is an ideal central meeting place, if it’s not in use on the project date.  On Saturdays, school, bank, office, or church parking lots are usually empty.  The organizing committee should receive permission from the proper authorities before designating a parking lot as the central meeting place.  A letter, including the project purpose, date, time, and a promise to leave the parking lot clean, will typically receive a favorable response.

Avoid high traffic areas and always use extreme caution.  If volunteers will not have access to a restroom, seek permission from a local business to use their facilities if necessary. If facilities are not made available through local businesses, the organizing committee should arrange for the rental of portable facilities.

Invasive Plant Disposal

Arrange for the disposal of the removed and collected plants.  The organizing committee should first contact local government officials to determine what services they can provide including:

  • Removal of trash bags after the cleanup is complete;
  • Removal of plant material too large for trash bags;
  • Transportation for disposing of removed plant material.

If local officials are unable to help, the organizing committee should:

  • Contact the closest landfill and confirm the days and hours of operation.  It may be necessary to schedule the cleanup earlier in the day to allow enough time for delivery to the landfill;
  • Consult local, private companies that may be able to provide assistance.

Obtain Permission

Obtain written permission from landowners with property in the proposed work area.  Venturing onto private property without permission A large stand of kudzu, an invasive speciesis trespassing; you may be subject to arrest.  The organizing committee should invite the property owner to participate in the event.  If the property owner cannot participate, the organizing committee should obtain written permission for volunteers to remove invasive plants from their land.  If you are unsure of the landowner, county tax maps, located in county planning offices, can provide property ownership information.  The organizing committee can also determine the property owner by talking to people who live close by.

Before sending the removal teams out to work, the organizing committee should emphasize the importance of staying on public property and public roads, except where expressed permission has been given by the property owner.

Volunteer Recruitment

Recruit volunteers from your local community. Anyone can assist in a non-native invasive species removal project. Children under the age of 18 years should be encouraged to participate but should have permission from parent or guardian.  The organizing committee should provide adequate supervision: one adult supervisor for every six children.

Group size depends on the amount of invasives and area of land at your removal site. A removal event could involve anywhere between five and 50 people. Consider the number of volunteers you can effectively manage and still ensure the enjoyment of all.

Potential volunteer sources include:

  • Residents
  • Employees of nearby businesses and industries
  • School groups (classes, science / ecology clubs, etc.)
  • Church groups or members of other places of worship
  • Scout troops
  • Community Associations
  • Environmental, outdoor and sporting groups

Initiate volunteer recruitment approximately 6 weeks prior to the project date.  We recommend contacting groups via telephone and getting an announcement posted on email listservs.  Event calendars (including places of worship and organizational bulletins) and word of mouth also are effective.  As a rule, 50 percent of those people who initially sign up for an event will not actually participate.  For this reason, the organizing committee should aim to recruit twice as many people than will be needed for the project.

The organizing committee should establish a phone number or email address that volunteers can contact to register for the event.  When volunteers register, get their name and contact information. As volunteers respond to recruitment activities, members of the organizing committee should advise them on what to bring and how to dress.  Recommend that volunteers wear sturdy shoes or boots, clothing that they don’t mind getting dirty, work gloves, and a hat or outerwear as the weather dictates. Volunteers should also be encouraged to use sunscreen and insect repellent.

The organizing committee should recruit, from the volunteer labor force, several field supervisors or site captains who will assist volunteers during the collection event.  Approximately one supervisor should be recruited for every 10 volunteers.  The organizing committee should host a training session for these supervisors prior to the project date, so that their role can be defined.  The organizing committee should send reminders of the date (and rain date) and time of the event, as well as maps showing the location of the central meeting place to all registered volunteers one week before the event.  If time allows, committee members may also call the volunteers a few days before the event to confirm participation in the seed collection.

Event Publicity

Advertise the project as much as possible.  Event publicity should complement your volunteer recruitment efforts by drafting, reproducing, and distributing fliers; drafting and distributing press releases to local newspapers and/or organizational newsletters, and offering presentations at group meetings.

  • Recruitment messages should include the name, day, date and starting time of the event, the rain date, location and directions to the central meeting place, name of the group or organization doing the work, and a contact’s name and information.
  • Recruitment messages should be enthusiastic and include a “sales pitch.” A sales pitch should emphasize the enjoyment of the activity and emphasize proximity to potential volunteers.
  • Have a phone number or email address where volunteers can register and include the information in all advertisements.

Refreshments and Other Rewards

Refreshments are one way to thank volunteers for their valuable time and hard work. It is recommended that the project sponsor provide non-alcoholic beverages. If beverages will not be provided, the organizing committee should encourage participants to bring their own.  Simple refreshments (coffee and doughnuts, cookies and punch) may be offered during registration, or as a time for volunteers to celebrate a job well done at day’s-end.  A picnic or a barbecue is also a nice way to thank volunteers.  Local businesses and/or the volunteers themselves (pot-luck) may be willing to donate food/drink, coolers, cups, ice, paper goods, etc.

The organizing committee could also consider providing rewards, such as certificates, bumper stickers, tote bags, caps or t-shirts.  The committee may solicit contributions, both monetary and in-kind services, from local businesses.

Team Leader Training

As soon as you have scheduled your invasive species removal event and created your materials, it is a good idea to schedule volunteer team leader training.  Keep your training brief, informative, and fun.  Be sure to cover safety, liability, invasive plant identification, and removal methods.

The team leader’s responsibilities include:

  • Introducing each of the volunteers and explaining their roles;
  • Showing volunteers the work area (if specifically marked) and/or identifying invasive plants to be removed;
  • Briefing volunteers on removal techniques;
  • Being a point of contact in case of emergency;
  • Informing volunteers about the availability of refreshments and location of restroom facilities, and;
  • Helping to clean up the removed plants.


Below is a list of materials that you may need for your event.  The exact materials will depend on the type of invasive plant that you are removing and the conditions at your particular site.

  • Wheel barrows
  • Hand shovels
  • Iron rakes
  • Leaf rakes
  • Mulch
  • Pruning tools
  • Gloves
  • First Aid Kit
  • Hand cleaner
  • Flagging tape
  • Hand cleanser
  • Volunteer safety vests (optional)

The Invasives Removal Event

In advance of your event make sure that you have:

  • Enough bags, gloves, shovels and other equipment to outfit your volunteer teams;
  • Copies of your written permission from the local landowner;
  • Refreshments and snacks if possible or at least provide water;
  • Created and printed a sign-in sheet;
  • Created and printed a liability release form;
  • Created and printed enough invasive plant identification cards and directions on their removal;
  • Marked areas where invasive removal will take place, or marked a map with work areas;
  • Done as much prep work as is possible—for example, put all the necessary equipment together for each team;
  • Identified key volunteers and asked them to arrive early and be Team Leaders;
  • Created a press packet for any media that cover the event;
  • Contacted local newspapers; and
  • Designated a volunteer to take photos of the event.

When your volunteers have arrived, have them sign and return their liability release forms and then break them up into groups to work with a team leader.  The team leader will work with the volunteers to ensure the correct plants are removed and that areas with sensitive species are avoided.

Provide a sign-in sheet for volunteers at the central meeting place on the day of the event.  The sheet should include spaces for the volunteer’s name, address, phone number, and email address. (Remember to provide pencils or pens.)  Volunteers who have not completed and signed a safety liability release form must do so before participating in the invasives removal.  Nametags will help volunteers get to know each other.

Also think about introducing the event and making the connection between the day’s work and the health of your local forests and waterway.  Many people have an interest in their local streams but don’t understand much about river systems.  You may wish to provide a map of your local waterway so that people can orient themselves in the watershed and make the visual connection between the work site and the river.

Be sure to emphasize the importance of the participants’ safety before sending them out.  Make sure that the participants work in teams and that you know where your participants are going and when they will return.  Make sure to account for your participants as they return from their assigned areas.

Pass out invasive plant identification materials and maps to specific work sites.  Also hand out the tools and collection bags to each volunteer.  Finally, brief them on removal techniques and send them out to work.  Give them a specific goal to complete because otherwise (sadly) they will likely never feel finished.  If they wish to continue after they have completed their task, ask them to help another group with their work.  Make your event as enjoyable as possible for volunteers.  Consider providing music – a portable radio or two can lighten the mood and turn the work into an enjoyable event.  Locate a convenient shady spot where workers can rest, and provide seating and refreshments.

Removal Methods

There are many different methods for non-native invasive plant removal and not all work with each species of invasive plant or each circumstance – for example a controlled burn is not generally possible in an urban environment, or mowing may not be possible on a steep bank.  Neither of these methods is conducive to volunteer pull events and manual methods should be the focus of your event.  Leaders should be trained in invasive plant removal methods and there should be enough leaders to effectively oversee volunteers.

Manual Methods:

  • Hand pulling: Pull seedlings and small or shallow-rooted plants when soil is moist.  Dig out larger plants, including the root systems.  Use a spading fork or weed wrench for trees or shrubs.  To prevent spread of seeds of undesirable ornamental plants, cut off flowers and/or seeds or fruits before they ripen then bag them and send them to the landfill.
  • Cut a “window pane”:  If vines growing up trees and their root systems are very large, use this method. Cut the vine at the base of the tree and at shoulder height to create a “window pane” and remove the vines from that area.  Then remove a swath around the base of the tree.  The vines above the cut area on the tree will eventually die and fall off.
  • Girdling: For trees girdle the tree by cutting through the bark and growing layer (cambium) all around the trunk, about 6″ above the ground. This technique in effect starves the tree of the water and nutrients that it needs to survive.  Girdling is most effective in spring when the sap is rising, and from middle to late summer when the tree is sending down food to the roots. Clip off re-growth.

Post Removal Work

Allow time at the end of the day for participants to relax, socialize, and enjoy the fruits of their labor. Take the time to review the work accomplished.  In doing so, you are letting your volunteers know how successful they were and giving them a sense of pride and ownership of the work site.  This will help in recruiting them later.  You may even recruit volunteers to revisit the area to keep it clear of invasives.

After the volunteers have finished their work, the job is not done.  If you are bringing the removed material to the dump yourself, leave time to load the material into trucks and to drive to the dumpsite.  If someone else is going to collect the plant material, help them do their job by bringing the material to a central location.  DO NOT DUMP CUT INVASIVE PLANTS IN THE WOODS!  Doing so can actually propagate the plants further because they often react to being cut by sending out new shoots and roots.

After the removal you should thoroughly document your work and monitor and revisit the site regularly to monitor its recovery.  You should document your work by mapping the exact location of the removal work both on a map and by placing markers at the site.  Include information on the type of invasives found at the site before removal and the degree to which the site was infested.  Quantify the amount of invasives removed from the site (number of bags of plants, weight of materials, or some other measure).  Whatever measure you use, remember to be consistent from one removal event to the next.  Include recommendations on following up at the site with additional removal work, native planting, slope stabilization, etc.

Follow Up

After the invasives removal event, please remember to collect the sign-in sheets.  Use this information to generate certificates of appreciation for each volunteer and organization involved in the event.  You can also compile the information into a community database of individuals and organizations to facilitate networking among groups and individuals interested in water quality issues.

Publish the photos taken during the event along with the statistics from the day’s work (number of volunteers, amount of invasives removed, size of area cleared).  Contact the local media that helped you advertise before the seed collection and share your results.  Also contact the event sponsors sending them a thank-you and the results of the event.  Be sure to recognize everyone in the community who made your success possible.

When the event is completed, it is important to evaluate what you accomplished.  It will help future planners to capitalize on your successes and avoid your mistakes.  But you can’t wait until the end of the event to think about evaluation.  An evaluation committee should be chosen in the planning stage to monitor the entire sequence of events, noting what worked well and what went wrong.  Poll your volunteers as they leave, either by providing a questionnaire or by simply having the team leaders ask their crews what they thought of the event.  Within a week, get your committee together and make a list of what went well, what needed improvement, and what, if anything failed completely. What problems did they have? What would they do to improve future events? Use this information to help plan your next event so that you continually learn from your efforts.

Source: Maryland Native Plant Society